ABCDE - Signs of Melanoma


Allina Health | Aetna

Posted on

Dec 11, 2022


Minnesota - Twin Cities Metro Area

Share This
  • Asymmetry – The shape of one half of the mole looks different than the other half
  • Border – The borders or edge of the mole look ragged or blurred
  • Color – The mole has uneven coloring, with shades of black, brown, gray or other colors.
  • Diameter – The size of the mole is greater than 4 mm or ¼ inch
  • Evolving – The mole is changes in size, shape, color, or there's a new mole.  

It's especially important to pay attention to new moles.  

A recent review of published research on melanoma skin cancer has confirmed what many skin doctors and cancer specialists already knew: Most melanomas (an estimated 70 percent) start as a brand new lesion, not in an existing mole.  

That means you really need to know your skin. All adults should get in the habit of doing a monthly skin check, so they know where their moles are and what looks normal. That makes it much easier to notice a new or changing mole.   

What does melanoma look like?

Melanomas can vary a lot in how they look, and detecting them at an early stage can be critical and greatly increase your chances for cure. Generally, it is a good idea to follow the ABCDE signs to identify melanoma. However, you may find only one or two of these signs, and some moles may not fit the ABCDE rules. 

Many of us will develop moles throughout our lifetimes. Most of the time, they are merely harmless clusters of pigmented cells. If the mole is the same color and solid throughout, it shouldn’t be anything to worry about. But keep an eye on moles that have different shades of the same color or different colors. Most melanomas are black or brown, but they can be almost any color: skin-colored, pink, red, purple, blue or white.

When the melanoma is more advanced, the texture of the mole looks different as well; the skin surface may look broken or scraped. So watch out for moles that change appearance, especially with redness, scaling, bleeding, or oozing. Normal moles are round or oval, with a smooth edge, and usually within one-quarter inch (six millimeters) in diameter. Bigger moles can be a bad sign. However, size is not definitive proof of cancer. Be especially watchful for new moles.

If you see any of the ABCDE signs, notice a new pigmented lesion (even if it doesn't have the characteristics described above) or a mole that's changed, you should talk with your doctor. Don't wait until your next annual physical to bring it up—make an appointment soon. The only way to be sure is to remove tissue and check it for cancer cells. If you do have a melanoma, a doctor can remove it before it has a chance to spread.

If you are at a higher risk for melanoma, talk to your doctor about how best to monitor your skin.

Melanoma Risk factors include:

A personal or family history of melanoma

  • Fair skin
  • Blue eyes
  • History of sunburns
  • Having a large number of moles (more than 50)

Reduce your risk of melanoma and other skin cancers by protecting your skin from the sun: 

  • Wear a broad spectrum (UVA/UVB) sunscreen every day.
  • Wear a hat, sunglasses and other sun-protective clothing.
  • Seek shade when outside between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.
  • Avoid tanning and tanning beds.

Learn more about melanoma, screening, diagnosis and treatment options.

Other Articles You May Like

Best Cell Phones & Plans for Seniors

Cellphones are a ubiquitous part of life; were either on our phones or theyre right by our side. It would be difficult to find someone without a cellphone, as 97 percent of Americans now own one of some kind, according to the Pew Research Center.With so many cellphones and so many cell phone service plans, the abundance of options can feel daunting. But dont worry, were here to help you navigate the maze of choices and find the best cell phone for seniors and the best cell phone plans.Here are a few things to keep in mind when choosing a cell phone service plan:How much data do you need?How much talk and text do you need?Do you need international calling?Do you need a lot of features, like unlimited streaming or mobile hotspot?Whats your budget?Once youve considered these factors, you can start shopping around for plans. There are a few different ways to do this:You can compare plans online.You can go to a carrier store and talk to a representative.You can use a service like Wirefly to compare plans from multiple carriers.Remember to always read the fine print before you sign up for a plan. Make sure you understand all the terms and conditions, including the cancellation policy.Best Cell Phones for SeniorsApple iPhone $899*With its latest model the 14 Plus, Apples iPhone continues to be one of the best smartphones on the market for older adults. The iPhone offers a wide range of customizable accessibility features like large screens, large text, excellent call quality, and safety features like crash detection, SOS, and health monitoring apps. Plus the phone has an excellent camera. This phone is on the pricier side and is geared towards seniors who are more comfortable with technology, but is the most comprehensive when it comes to features.Samsung Galaxy S23+ $999*For older adults more comfortable with Android phones, the Samsung Galaxy S23+ is a great pick. Great call quality, a large screen, and customizable accessibility options make this phone one of the best.The Galaxys large size might not work for those with smaller hands or reduced grip, but is great for those who like preinstalled safety features.Jitterbug $108* for smartphoneFor those looking for a more simplified and cost-friendly phone, look no further than the Jitterbug Smart3. It features a large screen, a simplified user interface, urgent response button, long-lasting battery, and a great camera.RAZ Mobility Memory Phone $310*Designed specifically for older adults with memory issues or a form of dementia like Alzheimers, the RAZ Mobility Memory Phone lets older adults with memory loss stay in touch with family.Key features include preventing unnecessary emergency services calls and incoming fraud calls. Phone calls are made by the owner pressing and holding a large photo of a family member or friend they want to call. The phone features a camera, video calling, and one screen with the six most important contacts. Caregivers also control the phone remotely and can monitor it with GPS tracking.What is the Best Flip Phone for Seniors?Jitterbug Flip2 $89*The Jitterbug flip2 is designed for simplicity and ease of use. It features a large, easy-to-read screen, large buttons that are easy to press, and an urgent response button that can be quickly accessed in case of an emergency. The flip2 is perfect for people who want a phone that is simple to use and has all the features they need.Is Jitterbug the Best Phone for Seniors?Both the Jitterbug smartphone and flip phone are great options for seniors. Their straightforward design makes them ideal for seniors that dont want the extra capabilities of the iPhone or the Samsung Galaxy. If you just want to make phone calls and send texts this is the phone for you.Best Cell Phone Plans for SeniorsChoosing the best cell phone plan for seniors can feel just as overwhelming as choosing the right phone. Here are the major cell phone providers:AT&T Unlimited BasicT-Mobile EssentialsVerizon Prepaid StartBoost Mobile UnlimitedCricket Wireless Unlimited MoreThese plans offer a variety of features that are important to seniors, such as unlimited talk, text, and data, as well as discounts on phones and plans for seniors. They also have simple plans that are easy to understand and use.Here are some of the features that you should look for in a cell phone plan for seniors:Unlimited talk, text, and data: This is a must-have for seniors who want to stay connected with friends and family.Coverage: Make sure whichever plan you pick offers good coverage in your area.Simple plans: Seniors should look for plans that are easy to understand and use.Discounts on phones: Many cell phone carriers offer discounts on phones for seniors.Emergency features: Some cell phone plans offer features that can help seniors in an emergency, such as fall detection and 24/7 customer support.Customer support: Seniors should look for a cell phone carrier with good customer support in case they have any questions or problems.*Pricing at the time of post. 

Can a Person With Alzheimers Sign Legal Documents?

Legal documents can play a crucial role in helping protect and uphold individual rights, responsibilities, and wishes. When it comes to individuals with Alzheimers disease, questions may arise regarding their ability to make sound decisions, including legal decisions. As the loved one of someone with Alzheimers, you may wonder whether they can sign legal documents. The short answer is: it depends. Fortunately, safeguards are in place to help protect individuals with Alzheimers regarding legal matters. UNDERSTANDING ALZHEIMERS DISEASEAlzheimers disease is a degenerative brain disorder that can cause a range of symptoms, including memory loss, cognitive decline, and behavioral changes. Alzheimers is the most common form of dementia. According to the Alzheimers Association, an estimated 6.7 million seniors live with the condition nationwide. The progression of Alzheimers can vary, but as the disease advances, individuals may experience difficulty with comprehension, judgment, and decision-making. LEGAL DOCUMENTS FOR SENIORS WITH ALZHEIMERSPlanning for the future is important for all seniors and their families. Unfortunately, unexpected health problems, including Alzheimers, can throw a wrench in those plans. Seniors with Alzheimers may still need to sign a wide range of legal documents to ensure their well-being in the next stage of life. These legal documents may include: Wills & trusts: Seniors may need to create or update their will or establish a trust to ensure that their assets are distributed according to their wishes after their passing. Power of attorney: Granting power of attorney allows individuals to designate a trusted person to make financial, legal, and healthcare decisions on their behalf if they become incapacitated. Advance directives: Advance directives, such as a living will or healthcare proxy, allow individuals to outline their healthcare preferences and appoint a trusted person to make medical decisions if they cannot do so. Financial documents: Signing financial documents like bank account agreements, investment contracts, or loan documents may be necessary for managing personal finances. CAN A PERSON WITH ALZHEIMERS SIGN LEGAL DOCUMENTS?Determining if a person with Alzheimers is fit to sign legal documents will depend on the progression of the condition and the unique circumstances that pertain to a specific situation. However, as the loved one of a person with Alzheimers, it can be beneficial to understand how the condition can impact legal decision-making and what safeguards and tools are in place to protect your family. UNDERSTANDING LEGAL CAPACITYOne of the key factors in determining whether a person with Alzheimers is fit to sign legal documents is their legal capacity. If an individual is deemed to have the ability to make legal decisions, it means that they are capable of understanding the nature and consequences of their actions and making informed decisions. Alzheimers can significantly impact an individuals cognitive abilities, including their ability to make informed decisionsespecially when it comes to complex legal matters. Legal capacity can usually be determined through an assessment with a legal professional. Your loved ones healthcare provider may also be able to provide professional insight into their ability to make legal decisions. LEGAL SAFEGUARDSWhile laws and legal standards vary across jurisdictions, many legal systems have incorporated safeguards to protect those who cannot make their own legal decisions. LEGAL TOOLS FOR DECISION-MAKINGWhen an individuals capacity to sign legal documents is questionable, alternative legal tools can be considered. These may include: Power of attorney: A person with Alzheimers can grant power of attorney to a trusted individual, allowing them to make financial, legal, and healthcare decisions on their behalf. Living Will: A living will is a written statement that outlines how an individual wishes to be treated in certain medical situations. This includes situations where the individual is physically or mentally incapacitated, such as being put on life support. Living Trust: A living trust outlines how a person wants their estate handled upon death. A trustee will be appointed to manage the assets of the trust, as outlined in the document. Guardianship/Conservatorship: If your loved one is deemed incapable of making decisions, a court may appoint a guardian or conservator to act in their best interest. SEEKING LEGAL ADVICEGiven the complex nature of determining legal capacity and other legal requirements for signing documents, it is a good idea to seek the advice of a legal professional. An experienced attorney can assess your familys specific situation and provide guidance to help you execute all legal documents properly. HERE TO SUPPORT YOUR FAMILYCaring for a loved one with Alzheimers can be a physically and emotionally exhausting endeavor. At The Fairways at Naples, we are experienced in caring for seniors with memory conditions, including Alzheimers. Contact our team and find out how we can support your family today.  

Rare & Vintage Books: A Guide to Estate Sale Treasures

Avid readers unite! Take a turn through the pages of a good read and transport yourself into a new world. Action, mystery, horror, love stories, and more, books have a way of helping us escape from reality. There are over 155 million books in circulation across the globethats a lot of stories to listen to, adventures to go on, and words to be read. Whether youre new to the reading world or have an extensive collection on your shelves, finding a rare or vintage book can be one of the most exciting experiences. At Blue Moon Estate Sales, discovering a rare read is more than possible, but knowing when youve struck gold could be tricky. Our team of estate sale experts has put together a guide to better understand the world of rare books and when you should make a purchase at your next Blue Moon Estate Sale. What Makes a Book Rare?Many books are old, antique, or unusual, but that doesnt make them rare. In order for a book to be classified as rare, the book must meet a certain set of criteria. However, the list of criteria for a rare book has been debated for centuries and is not always definitive. Typically, a book is rare depending on its printing date, number of copies issued, or historical interest. Additional factors include first editions and signed copies.Books today are printed using a technique called offset printing. This involves using a computer to digitally print illustrations and words directly onto the paper. Rare books, depending on their age, were printed on a Gutenberg printing press. When searching for books of this rarity, you can usually find a unique watermark on some of the pages, or the book itself will have a notable binding that differs from books published in the 21st century.Finding a First Edition BookThere is nothing more frustrating to a book collector than finding out the first edition they purchased is in fact not a first edition. First edition books are not rareevery book ever printed has a first edition. A first edition is classified as the first time a book is printed by a publishing company and distributed commercially. But, if your book meets other criteria, it can be classified as a rare first edition and therefore worth a lot of money (depending on the demand).In order to spot a rare first edition at a Blue Moon Estate Sale, its important to know what to look out for. There are four major criteria your book must meet in order to be considered a true first edition. In some cases, first edition will be printed on the copyright page, but you should also double-check the publisher, date, edition number, and print run to be sure.Publisher - Make sure the original publishing house is listed somewhere on the copyright page.Copyright Date - Youre on the right track to finding a rare first edition if the copyright date is the same as the publishing year.Edition Numbers - Depending on the publisher, they will have the edition number listed on the copyright page, but if its not clear, youll need to check the print run number.Print Run Number - The print run number is usually the lowest number on the copyright page. This sequence of numbers can help you determine if the book is a first edition or not. If there is a 1 in the print run, it means the book is a first edition. If the lowest number you can find is a 2 then its a second edition, and so on and so forth.For a better understanding of print run numbers, take a look at this guide from AbeBooks.Price PointsLike all book pricings, rare book values differ as the years go on. At the beginning of 2023, Readers Digest published an article outlining rare books that are currently worth a fortune. This list relates to rare books based on the current supply and demand. Though you may be able to stumble upon a rare or unique book at a Blue Moon Estate Sale, you do have to consider the condition and age of the book as well. The older the book, the more valuable it may be, but the condition of the book can drastically change that number.When shopping at a Blue Moon Estate Sale, our professionals take the time to sift through the endless amounts of books on a shelf to determine if any of them are of increased value. Before you askno you wont have to pay astronomical prices for a rare book like you would online, but you can expect to pay a higher price than you would for books published in the 20th and 21st centuries. Caring for Your Vintage BookCongratulations, you did your homework, attended a Blue Moon Estate Sale, and found the vintage book youve been searching for! Now, please handle it with care. Vintage, rare, and antique books come at a price, especially if not maintained properly. The Smithsonian Library offers information about preserving and handling your rare and vintage books, as well as guidance on appraisals and current market values.Find Rare Books at a Blue Moon Estate Sale Near YouWhether youre in search of a new book for your book club or have been on the hunt for the final piece to your collection, Blue Moon Estate Sales can help you find popular and unique titles. Browse through endless bookshelves and discover a new adventure on every page. With our on-point pricing strategies and exceptional level of organization, youll surely find exactly what youve been looking for, and more.Blue Moon Estate Sales is a nationally recognized estate sale company, providing you with ample opportunities to explore incredible books, as well as other antique items your home may need. Find an estate sale in your area today and start the hunt for your next read.Unique Items at Every Blue Moon Estate SaleBlue Moon Estate Sales provides residential and commercial liquidation services throughout the country. We are committed to meeting all our clients needs, whether youre hosting an estate sale or attending one. Shop one of our Blue Moon Estate Sales today to discover captivating books and so much morewe guarantee youll find something unique every time.